Buddha’s hand is usually planted in pots, small and delicate, and wonderfully interesting. However, in order to meet the needs of the sales market, it can also be involved in the western development of planting. Now we introduce a cultivation method: in-ground planting. The yield of Buddha’s hand in the ground is higher than that of potted plants. It also saves time and labor and costs.
The biggest advantage of ground-grown is that the root system is well developed, the tree is strong and the buds are clustered. It has a high fruit set rate and is extremely large. The yield is very high, and the resistance to pests and diseases is very strong, and the economic benefits are very good. And Buddha’s hand cultivation technology is rough, technical requirements are not high, easy management. The lowest temperature in the year 3 ℃ area or four seasons like spring, more suitable for cultivation and development of it.
A、The Buddha’s hand cultivation conditions
Soil is the basic conditions for the growth of the Buddha’s hand. However, the Buddha’s hand potted plants need to pay attention to the sandy soil. The requirements of the soil for the ground plant are different. No matter yellow soil, black soil, sandy soil, clay soil can be planted. Of course, plots containing sandy soil are better and more productive.
The planting of in-ground Buddha’s hand is generally suitable in the south and parts of the west of China. The year-round temperature is not too low, which is beneficial to the growth of Buddha’s hand. Cultivation land should be selected flat or gently sloping land, in line with the principle of intensive, full use of land, light energy, space. Facilitate comprehensive planning for business management. Practice has shown that we should be based on the Buddha’s hand habit on the requirements of environmental conditions. At the same time must give full play to the subjective initiative of man, based on the transformation of nature. In this way, we can establish an orchard suitable for the production and development of Buddha’s hand.
B、The time and saplings of the Buddha’s hand ground planting
1、Buddha’s hand in the ground planting time
Buddha’s hand ground planting and Buddha’s hand pot planting is basically the same, in the spring, summer and autumn can be carried out.
2、Saplings of Buddha’s hand planted in the ground
Generally in the Buddha’s hand tree is not strong, the root system is not developed, the tree age is longer, from the pot into the ground planting. The second, in order to save labor and materials and costs, the ground planting of Buddha’s hand trees are from a year seedlings can begin to ground planting, from small cultivation.
C、The spacing of the ground planting of the Buddha’s hand
The plant spacing for in-ground Buddha’s hand is generally 1.2 meters or 1.3 meters in width. Seedbeds can be planted at a spacing of 100*100cm or 120*120cm. It can also be planted appropriately dense when the seedlings are small. When the buddha tree grows up, then transplant the saplings. It is flexible according to the tree. Generally, each mu can plant 400 to 600 Buddha’s hand saplings.
D、A reasonable intercropping
Buddha’s hand garden for reasonable intercropping can make full use of land and light energy. Development of three-dimensional agriculture, increase the income of the orchard. Especially the young Buddha’s hand garden between the rows of large, orchard income less. Reasonable intercropping of fruit and grain, fruit and medicine is the main source to improve the economic income of the early orchard.
Intercropping in the garden can ripen the soil and increase soil fertility. And can prevent weed growth, maintain humidity, and promote the growth and development of it.
E、The management of ground planting Buddha’s hand
The first year after planting, it in the ground, no fertilizer, no watering, let it develop and grow. The second year, that is, the third year of the tree, can be properly fertilized, not watered. Because of the well-developed root system of the ground buddha, the ability to absorb nutrients and water in fertile soil is very strong. If you apply too much fertilizer instead of causing the sapling to grow, delaying the hanging of fruit.
Ground planting Buddha, the root system is particularly well-developed, the tree is extraordinarily strong, branching and leafy. Therefore, we should pay special attention to less nitrogen fertilizer, more phosphorus, potassium, calcium fertilizer. Otherwise, the nitrogen fertilizer is excessive, and the growth of the branches is clumped. Thus prolonging the growth period of it, affecting production and reducing the benefits. At present, the market with more compound fertilizer, which is produced by the Nagric company.
3、Pest and disease control
The ground buddha and potted buddha, like the occurrence of pests and diseases, must be timely control. The rhizome of the ground planted it is prone to root rot. This will cause the whole Buddha’s hand to slowly die. It has a 2% incidence rate. Should be in the spring of March and autumn in August each year with polymyxin, fungicide such as fungus poisoning at the rhizome to prevent and control.
4、Pay attention to irrigation
Ground planting Buddha’s hand, the ground contains moisture is generally more adequate. In case of cloudy and rainy weather, easily too wet and too flooded. Therefore, we must do a good job of digging ditches to prevent flooding.
F、To prevent the growth of
In-ground it has a well-developed root system and adequate nutrients, and is highly susceptible to growth. The phenomenon that causes only long branches not flowering and fruit. Therefore, we should control the supply of fertilizer and water, and appropriately inhibit nutritional growth. This can prevent the growth of branches. At the same time, we can control the growth of branches with growth retardants. Especially in the rainy season. For plants with overgrown branches, use the method of heavy cutting. Combine with chemical dwarfing to control growth and promote dwarfing and bud differentiation of plants.
The large size of ground buddha’s hand and its water content make it difficult to store. However, its yield is extremely high, more than double that of bonsai. A single plant can produce up to 25 kg. On average, a ground plant can produce more than 20 pounds of fresh fruit. You can plant 400 to 600 plants per acre. The yield is up to 8,000 kg to 12,000 kg of it per mu. Six to seven pounds of fresh fruit will dry one pound of dried. The market price of dried piece is 80 yuan to 110 yuan per pound. The mu yield can reach 110,000 yuan to 200,000 yuan or so.
H、The main disadvantages of ground planting
1、Not easy to transport
Ground planted Buddha’s hand is not easy to transport, not easy to store. The wintering is more troublesome, and it is troublesome to build a shed. However, we can potted ground with overwintering, reduce the area of the shed, reduce costs. If the annual minimum temperature in the region of 3 ℃, you do not need to overwinter. Also do not need to engage in anti-freeze work.
2、Not easy to store
Ground planted it fresh fruit contains a lot of water, not easy to store. We can slice and dry it to become medicinal herbs and process products such as wine, drinks, preserves, and flavoring.